Present Educational Policy


Under the Indian Constitution, Article 21-A states that free and compulsory education upto to an age of fourteen years is the fundamental right of every individual born in India. Therefore, education plays a vital role in shaping an individual’s personality. Till date three policies in the sector of education has been introduced, National Educational Policy 1968, National Educational Policy 1986 and National Educational Policy 2020. The former policies mainly dealt with the educational approach issues, thus in order to resolve the drawbacks, the new policy was introduced keeping in mind the requirements and needs of the near future that would result in the development of education in schools as well as in higher institutions. The National Educational Policy was approved by the Indian government in light to achieve development of the nation and promote equality in the society. In 2020, the Ministry of Human resource Development was also renamed as Ministry of Education.


The New Educational Policy is an altered or revised system of education along with some new outline measures. The policy aims at establishing a zestful and lively environment of education as well as making the student skilled in their work and receptive to its surrounding. The objective of the New National Policy is to make India a powerful nation world wide in the field of knowledge. The purpose of NEP has changed to ‘How to Think’ from ‘What to Think’.


The unified advancement of the learner is the main objective of the learner. Providing the schooling experience at an early stage by replacing the system of 10+2 with 5+3+3+4 measure with pre-schooling of 3 years and schooling of 12 years. The students will be provided two attempts for clearing board exams by scheduling them twice a year. The programmes at under-graduate level are envisaged with an approach of integration and multi-disciplinary manner. A common entrance test would be conducted by NTA in order to secure admissions in universities all over the nation. The rate of GDP is believed to rise by 6% by higher public investments as a result of joint working of the government of centre and state. The main focus of the policy is to replace the pressure of books by amplifying the practical learning. The students would have complete freedom to opt any courses of their choice and desire. The NEP would help in the development of skills and create a comfortable environment for group discussion, learning and reasoning in a better way.

Disadvantages or Challenges:

In the current scenario of education at elementary level, there is paucity of skilled teachers. Thus, under the National Educational Policy 2020, practical execution of the education system at elementary level is still observed as a problem unresolved. The admission in universities abroad is also predicted to be comparatively expensive under the National Educational Policy.


The approval of the National Educational Policy 2020 by the Indian government is a significant action to be brought up. The need for education is beneficial and necessary for both the nation and the society as a whole, thus implementation of such policies is required by the country to meet up the needs. However, the new education policy’s progress is solely dependent on its application. It can be concluded that the future of India will rest on the making of education of high quality available to the young generation of the nation as India is a country with the population of young people.

“It’s heartening that the National Educational Policy hasn’t raised concerns of bias. Every country reforms its education system according to its national values and goals. The end goal is to make sure its youth is future ready.”

– PM Narendra Modi