APJ Abdul Kalam Biography, Early Life, Achievements, Quotes will be discussed here. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, often known as APJ Abdul Kalam, was an outstanding scientist who rose to become India’s 11th President from 2002 to 2007. Kalam worked as a scientific administrator and scientist for over four decades, mainly at the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO). He was deeply involved in India’s military missile development activities as well as its civilian space program.
⭕APJ Abdul Kalam Biography⭕
He was given the moniker ‘The Missile Man of India’ to launch technology and ballistic missile development. APJ Abdul Kalam was a key figure in the Pokhran-II Nuclear Tests in 1998. On October 15, 1931, APJ Abdul Kalam was born into an impoverished Tamil Muslim family in the pilgrimage town of Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. Ashiamma was a homemaker, while his father, Jainulabdeen, was a boat owner and an imam at a local mosque.
⭕APJ Abdul Kalam Early Life⭕
He was an average student at school, but he had a tremendous desire to study and work hard. He loved mathematics and would spend hours studying it. In 1954, he graduated from ‘Saint Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli,’ after attending ‘Schwartz Higher Secondary School.’He aspired to be a fighter pilot, but his ambition was dashed when the IAF only had eight seats available, and he was assigned to the ninth.
⭕APJ Abdul Kalam Career⭕
As a researcher, While on the ‘INCOSPAR’ committee, Kalam worked under the great space scientist Vikram Sarabhai. After joining the ‘Defence Research and Development Service,’ he graduated from the ‘Madras Institute of Technology in 1960 and worked as a scientist at the ‘Aeronautical Development Establishment.’ In 1969, Kalam was sent to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). He rose to the project manager position for the country’s most advanced satellite launch vehicle (SLV-III). Under Kalam’s direction, SLV-III successfully launched the ‘Rohini’ satellite into near-Earth orbit in July 1980.In 1970, Kalam took part in a variety of initiatives, including ‘Project Devil.’ He was also a part of the ‘Project Valiant’ group. Despite the project’s failure, it established the groundwork for creating the ‘Prithvi Missile’ in 1980.
⭕APJ Abdul Kalam Achievements⭕
He was a crucial figure in India’s ‘Porkhran-II’ nuclear tests, which took place in May 1998. Kalam became a national hero due to the success of these nuclear tests, and his popularity skyrocketed.He provided various proposals to make India a developed country by 2020 as a technical visionary in technology advancements, agriculture, and nuclear energy.As President, The governing National Democratic Alliance (NDA) nominated Kalam for President in 2002, and he was elected President. On July 25, 2002, he became India’s 11th President, a post he held until July 25, 2007. He was also the third President of India to be awarded the ‘Bharat Ratna’ before taking office.He was popularly known as ‘The People’s President’ because of his working manner and interactions with ordinary people, particularly the young. The signing of the ‘Office of Profit Bill,’ according to Dr. Kalam, was the most difficult choice he made during his presidency.During his presidency, he was chastised for his lack of action in deciding on the fate of mercy petitions that were sent to him. Only one of the 21 mercy requests received his attention. He advocated President’s rule in Bihar in 2005, which was also a contentious choice.