Women Empowerment refers to the process of liberating women and providing them with the same rights that men have traditionally enjoyed. On a societal level, the aims of women empowerment include equal wages across genders, stricter punishments for crimes against women, and equal rights to education, work, healthcare, and shelter for women. While there are more aims, the ones mentioned above are generally considered the most important. Women empowerment has a history that spans more than a century and it is still an ongoing process.
Women’s need for equality emerged from ancient times due to gender inequality and male domination in Indian society. For many reasons, women are being oppressed by members of their families and society. They were also abused by the male members in the family and society in India and other countries for many types of violence and discriminatory practices. Wrong and outdated habits have taken the form of well-developed customs and traditions for women in society from ancient times
In India, there is a tradition of worshiping many female goddesses, including honoring woman roles in society such as mother, aunt, son, wife, and other female relatives or friends. But it doesn’t mean that the country’s need for growth can only be fulfilled by respecting or honoring women. It needs equality in every way of life for the rest of the country’s half population.
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Women empowerment helps in boosting the status of women through literacy, education, training and awareness creation. Furthermore, women’s empowerment refers to women’s ability to make strategic life choices which had been previously denied them.
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Types of Empowerment
It ranges from self-strength to efficiency building of women. However, empowerment of women now can be categorized into five main parts – social, educational, economic, political and psychological.
The women who are in a job have to also fulfill the job responsibilities while managing home & family. The life of women is very hard, but she gets little or no appreciation. There are a lot of women who are extremely talented & multitasker but have no recognition in society.
One of the major hindrances in the growth and advancement of women is gender inequality. This means that we treat males and females unequally even for the same task. This is generally in the case of rural societies. A male child is always encouraged by family to go to school, while the female child is told to learn household works.
As divorce is still a taboo in Indian society many women are suffering from abusive marriages. As they are not empowered, they fear to stand up for their right. If we want to empower women then domestic violence has to be stopped at any cost.
females were given poor education or no education they are not able to get good jobs. Thus either they have to stay at home or do lesser paid jobs. Thus the male always remains the bread earner of the family. So the women hardly get economic independence.If we wish to see a nation that develops economically on the global front, then it’s very important to have “Women empowerment”. The actual women empowerment will come by making the women economically independent.
Women and Education
Quality Education is the key to women’s empowerment. Slowly with the increase in literacy level and awareness, society has started giving importance to education. Many parents today want to educate their daughters equally as their son. Many women today are scientists, lecturers, collectors, etc.
Women and Decision Making
The women empowerment also means when the society will also accept women as decision-makers for the economic and financial decisions of the family. We shall encourage women from all the sections of society to make their own decisions. They need not take permission from men.
The government and several NGOs are making efforts to empower women by creating awareness. The government is running a large no. of projects for education and skill development of women so that can get economic independence.
Thinking of society is also changing slowly. More and more no. of women are getting a quality education. But the true meaning of women empowerment will be achieved when gender inequality will be eliminated. We need to give equal opportunities to women for equal pay, equal respect as equal to men. We look forward to such a nation.