STRESS AND ITS STRESSORS

Stress can be characterized as a change that causes physical, emotional, or mental strain. Stress is your body’s reaction to attention or activity. Everybody encounters stress to some degree. The manner in which you react to stress, has a major effect on your general well-being. Stress happens when an occasion or stimulus expects us to change somehow or another. Stress fluctuates in view of an individual and their circumstance. Most stress is impermanent, in spite of the fact that there are circumstances where stress can keep going for quite a while.

At a point when we experience stress, our body is stimulated to deliver stress hormones that trigger a ‘fight or flight’ reaction and activate our immune system. This reaction assists us with reacting rapidly to hazardous circumstances. Some of the time, this stress reaction can be a suitable, or even advantageous response. The subsequent sensation of ‘pressure’ can assist us with pushing through circumstances that can be nerve-wracking or extreme, such as running a long-distance race, or giving a speech to a huge group.

However, there can be times when stress becomes extreme and an excessive amount to manage. Assuming our stress reaction is enacted more than once, or it continues over the long run, the impacts can bring about wear and tear on the body and can cause us to feel permanently in a state of ‘fight or flight’. Rather than assisting us with pushing through, this tension can cause us to feel overpowered or incapable to adapt.

Feeling this staggering stress for an extensive stretch of time is frequently called chronic, or long-term stress, and it can affect on both physical and psychological health. Stress is a reaction to a danger in a circumstance, while anxiety is a response to the stress.

STRESSOR

A stressor is a chemical or biological agent, environmental condition, external stimulus or an event seen as causing stress to an organism. Psychologically, a stressor can be an event or conditions that individuals might consider demanding, challenging, and/or threatening individual safety.

Various Stressors are: Environmental, Social, Psychosocial and Developmental.

1. ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSOR

Stressors that are found in our environmental elements are called environmental stressors. Everyday life is filled   with environmental stressors that cause minor disturbances. Assuming that you use a morning alarm to get up in the morning, the noise from your alarm is an environmental stressor. Extreme temperatures are additionally environmental stressors and can prompt uneasiness. Other normal environmental stressors include:

•        Noise

•        Crowding

•        Air quality

•        Colors

•        Tornadoes and other natural disasters

•        War and other manmade disasters

•        Light

•        Insects

2. SOCIAL STRESSOR

Social stress is a stress that stems from one’s associations with others and from the social environment overall.

There are three main categories of social stressors:

a) Life occasions are characterized as sudden, extreme life changes that require a person to adjust rapidly (ex. rape, unexpected injury).

b) Chronic strains are defined as persistent events which require an individual to make adaptations over an extended period of time (ex. separate, joblessness).

c) Daily issues are characterized as minor occasions that happen, which require variation over the course of the day (ex. terrible traffic, conflicts).

At a point when stress becomes constant, one encounters emotional, behavioural, and physiological changes that can put one under more serious danger for developing a psychological problem and actual sickness.

3.PSYCHO-SOCIAL STRESSORS

A day-to-day existence circumstance that makes a unusual or serious degree of stress that might add to the development of events or disturbance of mental problem, disease, or maladaptive conduct.

4. DEVELOPMENTAL STRESSORS

One class of stressors is called developmental or normative stress. Developmental stress accompanies the normal growing experiences of childhood.   A few instances of this kind of stressor are dealing with strangers as an infant: , being isolated from guardians, beginning or changing schools, and adjusting to puberty.