EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE

MEANING:

Emotional intelligence refers to the ability to perceive, control and evaluate emotions. Some researches suggest that emotional intelligence can be learned as well as strengthened, while others claim that it can only an inborn characteristic.

The ability to express and control emotions is essential, but so is the ability to understand, interpret, and respond to the emotions of others. Imagine a world in which you could not understand when a friend was feeling sad or when a co-worker was angry. Psychologists refer to this term as Emotional Intelligence and some experts even suggest that it can be more important than IQ in ones overall success in life.

MEASURING EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE:

There are different assessments which have emerged to measure levels of emotional intelligence. Such tests generally fall into one of two types: Self report tests and ability tests.

1.SELF REPORT TESTS:

These are the most common tests because they are the easiest to administer and score. On such tests respondents respond to questions or statement by rating their own behaviour. For example,”I often handle things with utmost patience,” a test taker might describe the statement a true or false or strongly agree or disagree.

2.ABILITY TESTS:

It involves having people respond to situations and then assessing their skills. Such tests often require people to demonstrate their abilities, which are then rated by a third party.

USE OF EI:

Emotional Intelligence can be used in many ways in our daily life. Some different ways to practice emotional intelligence include:

  • Being able to accept criticism and responsibility
  • Being able to move on after making a mistake
  • Being able to say no when you need to
  • Being able to share your feelings with others
  • Being able to solve problems in a way which works for everyone
  • Having empathy for others
  • Having great listening skills
  • Knowing why you would the things you do
  • Not being judgemental of others

Emotional Intelligence is essential for good interpersonal communication. Some experts believe that this ability is more important in determining life success than IQ alone. Fortunately, there are things that you can do to strengthen your own social and emotional intelligence.

TIPS FOR IMPROVING EI:

Being emotionally intelligent is important therefore here are some tips:

1.LISTEN:

If you want to understand what other people are feeling, the first step is to pay attention. Take time to figure out what people are trying to tell you both verbally and non verbally. Body Language can carry a great deal of meaning.

2.EMPATHIZE:

Picking up on emotions is critical but you also need to be able to put yourself in someone else’s shoes in order to truly understand their point of view. Practice empathising with other people. Try to get how you would feel in their situation. Such practices can help you understand the other persons situation better and give you stronger emotional skills in the long term.

3.REFLECT:

The ability to reason with someones emotions is important part of Emotional Intelligence. Consider how your own emotions influence your decisions and behaviours. When you are thinking about how other people respond, assess the role that their emotions play.

IMPACT OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE:

There are many examples of how Emotional Intelligence can play a role in daily life:

THINKING BEFORE REACTING:

Emotionally Intelligent people know that emotions can be powerful, but also temporary. When a highly charged emotional incident happens, the ideal response of Emotional Intelligent people would lets take a moment to respond. This allows them to calm their emotions and think more rationally about all the factors surrounding the argument.

GREATER SELF-AWARENESS:

Emotionally Intelligent people are not only good at understanding other peoples feelings but they are also great at understanding their own feelings. Self awareness allows people to consider the many different factors that contribute to their emotions.

EMPATHY FOR OTHERS:

A large part of Emotional Intelligence is being able to think about and empathise with how other people are feeling. This often involves considering how you would respond if you were in the same situation.

CONCLUSION:

Interest in teaching and learning social and emotional intelligence has grown in recent years. Social and Emotional Learning programs have become a standard part of the curriculum for many schools. Learning more about Emotional Intelligence should be encouraged more and more in Schools and workplaces as study states that it’s what gives you more success than your Intelligent Quotient. The goal of learning Emotional Intelligence is that it gives ways to improve your health and well-being but it also helps students to succeed academically.