DEPRESSION

Depression exists on a range of severity ranging from relatively mind to transient states of low mood to severe, long term symptoms that have a major impact on a persons quality of life. When a persons symptoms have reached the chronic end of the spectrum and require professional treatment, its typically referred to as clinical depression.

CAUSES OF DEPRESSION:

The causes of depression are not completely understood, but its believed that there are several key factors, including genetics and environment, that make a person more likely to become depressed.

Certain factors which make it more likely are :

  • A family history of depression
  • Experiencing a major traumatic experience
  • Financial troubles

CO-OCCURING CONDITIONS:

There are some conditions which quite often occur to people suffering from depression. The commonly occurring conditions in people are:

  • Anxiety Disorders
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder(PTSD)
  • Phobias
  • Eating Disorders
  • Alcohol and drug use
  • Sleep disorders
  • Headaches
  • Chronic Pain

SYMPTOMS:

People Experience depression in different ways. Some people only have a few symptoms while others have many. Some symptoms may get better overnight while others may get worse. For each type of Depression there are different symptoms or features that are common in those who experience it.

MAJOR DEPRESSION:

Also known as major depressive disorder or unipolar depression this form is most people think of when they hear “depression”. Major depression is typically characterised by the following symptoms:

  • Sadness, feelings of emptiness
  • Loss of enjoyment of hobbies, work, other activities.
  • Appetite changes, weight loss or gain
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Tiredness, fatigue, lack of energy
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • Poor decision making skills
  • Planning or attempting suicide

PSYCHOTIC DEPRESSION:

People who have psychotic depression are considered in the spectrum of unipolar depression. People who have this kind of depression usually experience hallucinations or delusions may also have a form of depression. Psychotic depression can manifest with hallucinations that are focused on death and gravely ill.

BIPOLAR DISORDER:

People of bipolar depression tend to alternate between periods of depression and periods of greatly elevated mood called mania.In the depressive phase, symptoms can be very similar to major depression. During the manic phase, symptoms at the opposite end of the spectrum are more likely such as :

  • Increased energy
  • Sleeplessness
  • Irritability
  • Rapid Speech
  • Hyper-sexual Behaviour
  • Racing thoughts
  • Impulsivity
  • Poor judgment

POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION:

Postpartum depression is depression that occurs after a person gives birth and can persist well into the first year postpartum. While it is common and treatable it also needs to be diagnosed earlier.

SITUATIONAL DEPRESSION:

Many people will experience a period of depression in their lifetime in response to a specific event. Unlike more persistent forms of depression, situational depression can usually be treated and improves in response to positive changes in that persons situation

DEPRESSION AMONG KIDS AND TEENS:

t was believed that kids also can be having depression but turns out that it was wrong. Depression can take place in teens or kids but is not as similar as in adults. Symptoms of depression among school kids could be due to school activities, studies or friendships. As teens and adults children who are experiencing depression may also have trouble sleeping, lose in their appetite or have unexplained headaches and stomach-aches

COPING MECHANISMS:

Medications and therapy can be valuable components of depression treatment but each individual person with depression will need to find their own ways of coping with the condition.If you have depression then there are a set of ways which you can cope up with your mental health like the use of physical activity which states that a little bit of physical activity everyday enhances your mood and makes you feel better in numerable ways. Having hobbies and also being creative in your own favourite way will also help you get through this as it helps you to keep yourself engaged instead of your mind wandering about onto less important subjects.

Staying connected to yourself is also very important. Since in depression it becomes very difficult to take care of your physical and mental health’s ways like grocery shopping, cleaning, cooking or anything else which you find therapeutic. Therefore, its very important for each and every individual to find their own point of comfort where its easier for them to deal with depression. It shouldn’t be neglected.