PM Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission

PM Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission is regarded as the largest scheme to scale up the infrastructure of health in India. The aim of this initiative is to provide high quality, easily accessible and equitable health care facilities to the people in need. This mission was launched by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on 25th October 2021. The main motto of introducing this scheme was to address the three major integral gaps in the public sector of India. These three gaps include extension of pandemic studying existing institutions of research, increasing the health facilities for effective treatment and detailed network of testing for disease’s diagnosis.

The PM Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission focuses on strengthening the critical network of healthcare from village to block, district, regional and national level in the upcoming five years. The major focus is in the aspect of formation of enhanced diagnostic facilities and increased health facilities for effective treatment. In order to carry out the purpose, 17,788 rural health and wellness centres and 11,024 health and wellness centres would be supported by the government and this would enable timely and effective treatment and would also provide means for early detection of diseases. These centres would facilitate medical advice and medicines free of cost. Under this mission, 35 thousand new beds related to critical care for serious illness are being added in 600 districts across the nation and in 125 districts, referral facilities will be provided.

Another aspect on which the scheme focuses is the strengthening of the network of testing for the disease’s diagnosis. In order to carry out this purpose, monitoring of disease and essential infrastructure would be developed for the diagnosis. Across the nation, in 730 districts, Integrated Public Health labs would be established and around three thousand blocks would be established in the Block Public Health Units. To further enhance the testing network in the country, 5 regional centres for control of disease, 20 metropolitan units and 15 biosafety labs would be established.

Third and the most significant aspect of the mission is the extension of institution of research that study pandemics. This aspect is against the backdrop pf the Covid-19 pandemic. The regional research platform of World Health Organization (WHO) would also help in this extension. Under this mission, the research labs and existing 80 viral diagnostic would be strengthened. 5 New labs of Biosafety level would also be put into operation. There would also be establishment of National Institute for one Health as well as new 4 National Institutes of Virology.

The PM Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission would also correct imbalance of medical college’s distribution in different regions and encourage to increase the availability of health professionals as well as make better use of the infrastructure of district hospitals. In order to carry out the purpose, across the nation around 157 new medical colleges are being set up.

A healthier India is aimed by the PM Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission. India can become healthy by the provision of reasonable health care to the overlooked segments of the nation. The measures under this scheme are a step towards addressing the long-pending need in the health care sector that aims to bridge several critical gaps in health infrastructure. Thus, this scheme would create an ecosystem for accessible and affordable infrastructure along with essential services from treatment to research of critical nature in every corner of the nation.